Which nutrient deficiency causes hair loss?Do you suffer from hair loss?Do you have any nutrient or vitamin deficiency?Can a nutrient or vitamin deficiency causehair loss?Do you want to know if any nutrient or vitamindeficiency can cause hair loss?Today we will talk about the scientific informationabout hair loss. Hello, I am Dr. Dhananjay Chavan, cosmeticdermatologist and hair transplant surgeon,Clear Skin and Hair MD, Pune. Hair loss is a very common phenomenon. Hair shedding is a part of the hair growthcycle. It is normal for a healthy individual to lose50-100 hair every day. But if you are losing more hair than thisand they are not growing back, you are sufferingfrom excess hair loss. There can be many reasons for hair loss – morethan a 100 reasons. But today we will talk about the common causesof hair loss – genetic predisposition orgenetics, hormonal reasons, some medicationsor their side effects, unhealthy lifestyle,stress, and nutritional deficiencies. A major illness, or a skin disease or autoimmune conditions may also cause hair loss. But a common reason is nutritional deficiency. This is what we are going to discuss today. So let’s see which minerals and vitaminsdeficiencies cause hair loss. The first and the most important vitamin Bfamily. There are many vitamins that come under thevitamin B family. The ones that play a role in hair loss arevitamin B-5 or pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6 or pyridoxine, vitamin B-7 or biotin, vitaminB9 or folate and vitamin B12. All these vitamins play an important rolein hair growth. These vitamins play an important part in hairgrowth. These are water-soluble and cannot be storedin the body for long durations. Except biotin which is generated by our gutflora. All the remaining vitamins we get from foodsor supplements. We can get them in sufficient quantities fromour daily Indian food, if we eat a balanceddiet. A deficiency of these vitamins can cause hairloss. These vitamins help in keeping our well beingand good health. They play an important role in a majorityof enzyme processes – from the brain to cellmetabolism processes. They play an important role in the growth,normal blood supply and normal functioningof the cells in the hair papilla. They help in giving the hair proper nutrition,make the hair strong and improve the hairtexture. Majority of vitamin B family is found in ourroutine foods. That is why if we eat a healthy balanced diet,there are fewer chances of having a vitaminB deficiency. Vegetarian foods like milk, milk productslike curd, paneer, cheese, dairy products,whole grains, cereals, especially wheat, jowar,bajra, maize, soybean, green vegetables, sweetpotatoes, mushrooms, fruits, dry fruits, aregreat sources of vitamin B. Non veg foods like eggs, chicken, mutton,and seafood are also important sources ofvitamin B. The next essential nutrient is vitamin E. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that preventsfree radical damage. Free radicals are highly reactive and candamage your DNA, RNA and proteins. It also improves blood circulation. That is why a vitamin deficiency can causehair loss. Vitamin E helps prevent oxidative stress andboosts hair growth. In our diet, vitamin E mainly comes from vegetableoils like sunflower oil, soybean oil, andcorn oil. All types of nuts, mainly peanuts, and allgreen vegetables including broccoli, spinach,and avocados. The third important nutrient is Vitamin A. This is important for the development andmaintenance of skin, teeth, bones, and hair. This strengthens your immune system. A vitamin A deficiency can make your hairdull and dry. Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant. But remember that consuming excess vitaminA can also be problematic. Consuming excess vitamin A can also causehair loss. Vegetables, orange, pumpkins, sweet potatoes,have a good concentration of vitamin A. Cod liver oil, and beef liver are also mainsources of vitamin A. The fourth nutrient is vitamin D. Vitamin D helps to maintain the calcium andphosphorus levels in the body and strengthenshair follicles. Research proves that vitamin D plays an importantrole in the growth of hair. Vitamin D deficiencies may cause depression,fatigue, insomnia, muscle weakness and hairloss. Dairy products and eggs are good sources ofvitamin D. Cow milk, mushroom, cereals, alsohave vitamin D. Vitamin D2 is found in vegetables, and vitaminD3 is synthesised by the sun. Most vitamin D supplements have vitamin D3. The fifth nutrient is iron, This is an essentialnutrient that helps in red blood cell production. Iron deficiency is a very common nutritionaldeficiency, which limits the oxygen supplyand causes reduced blood circulation to thescalp as well. This causes hair loss. Iron maintains healthy circulation, and transportsessential nutrients and oxygen to the hairfollicles. This promotes hair growth. Hair loss due to iron deficiency is commonlyobserved in women. 67% of women have anemia. If you have an iron deficiency, you can askyour doctor to recommend iron supplements. Go to your doctor and check your iron level,please do not take any supplements withoutconsulting your doctor. In non veg food, red meat, liver, kidney,shellfish, eggs, chicken, are the main sourcesof iron. In vegetarian food, green leafy vegetables,peas, peanuts, broccoli, jaggery, spinach,and dry fruits, and iron fortified cerealshave a high concentration of iron. Vitamin C helps to absorb iron, so add foodsthat have higher antioxidative propertiesto your diet. The sixth nutrient is magnesium. Magnesium participates in the biochemicalreactions of your hair and helps in maintainingthe glucose level as well as in producingproteins and energy. They play an important role in metabolic reactionsand support hair growth. A magnesium deficiency may cause weaknessand hair loss. The seventh nutrient is Omega-3 Fatty acids. This is one of the essential fatty acids andare very important for our health. But this is not synthesized in or body andthat is why you should include fish, cod liveroil, oysters and salmon in our diet. Vegetarian sources include flaxseeds, walnuts,kidney beans, and soybean oil. They give our hair volume, and prevent inflammationthat causes hair loss. Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency causes hairto become thin and causes a reduction in hairvolume. The eighth nutrient is Zinc. This is a trace element which aids in cellularreplication and protein production. This improves hair growth, especially in certaintypes of hair loss. The dietary source for zinc is mainly in nonvegetarian food like red meat, shellfish,seafood, and eggs. In vegetarian foods, dals, whole grains, beans,cashew nuts, almonds, pumpkin seeds, and legumesare important sources of zinc. The ninth mineral is Selenium. This is an essential nutrient that is mainlyfound in spinach, eggs and chicken. Selenium improves immunity and aids in theproduction of enzymes that stimulate hairgrowth. Selenium also has antioxidant properties hatcontrol free radical damage. It also helps to maintain your hormone levelsand promotes hair growth. Non vegetarian food sources are seafood, chicken,eggs, and pork. In vegetarian foods, beans, peas, nuts, soyproducts, and dry fruits, have a high concentrationof selenium. The tenth important nutrient is protein. Protein is the building block of the body. Protein helps in cell repair. Most cases of hair loss are caused due toprotein deficiency. Protein is important to maintain the healthof your tissues. Protein stimulates hair growth and hair ismainly made of a protein called keratin. SO if you have a protein deficiency, thenyour hair will become weak and start breaking. It will be difficult for new hair to be formedand the existing hair will start falling aswell. So these were the essential nutrients, thatif deficient, will cause hair loss. I hope that you got the information that youwere looking for to about hair loss and nutritionaldeficiency. If you have any questions you can ask us onour website www. hairmdindia. com. Me and my team will get back to you at the earliest. This is an educational video. Please consult with a doctor before takingany medication and undergoing any treatment. Hair loss due to nutritional deficienciesis very common. Often people take supplements without consultingthe doctor. Butyou should never do this. First consult with your doctor to find outthe root cause of your hair loss. Your doctor can tell youif you have a nutritional deficiency. Sometimes excessive nutrients may also causehair loss. That is why it is necessary to take supplementsin the right concentration. Take advice from your doctor and take thenutrient supplements accordingly. Eat a healthy, balanced diet. Incorporate green vegetables, fruits, dryfruits and if you are non vegetarian you shouldeat eggs, meat and fish. Exercise regularly. Your hair loss will definitely reduce. All the best. Thank you!