Hello Friends, today we will talk about, The
Effects of Lupus on the Body. Lupus is a type of autoimmune disease. This means it causes your body’s immune
system to attack healthy tissues and organsinstead of only attacking foreign substances
that could harm your body. The disease can cause widespread damage to
areas of the body, including the joints, skin,heart, blood vessels, brain, kidneys, bones,
and lungs. There are several different kinds of lupus,
each with slightly different triggers andsymptoms. Researchers don’t know exactly what causes
lupus, but we do know that genetics play arole and that it’s much more common in women. Integumentary system. The majority of people with lupus experience
some type of skin issue during the courseof their disease. Skin involvement and symptoms can vary depending
on the type of lupus you have and how activeyour lupus is. One of the telltale signs of lupus is developing
a rash on the face. Redness covers the nose and cheeks and looks
like it’s in the shape of a butterfly. The rash is commonly called butterfly rash
and usually appears on the face, but it canalso show up on your arms, legs, or elsewhere
on the body. Lupus also causes your skin to be more sensitive
to the sun or artificial ultraviolet light. Unprotected sun exposure can cause ring-shaped
marks that can become red and scaly. These can form on your scalp and face, or
other areas that get sun exposure, like yourneck or arms. Ulcers or sores can form in your mouth on
the cheek or gums. They can also form on your nose, scalp, or
vaginal tissue. These sores may not hurt at all or they might
feel like a canker sore. They’re signs of inflammation from the disease
and can be uncomfortable. Sjogren’s syndrome is common in people with
autoimmune disorders, like lupus. It causes your mouth and eyes to feel very
dry. You might experience trouble speaking or swallowing,
or have itchy, burning eyes. Dry mouth can also put you at a higher risk
of getting cavities, because saliva helpsprotect your teeth from bacteria. The cavities occur at the gumline and can
strongly suggest the diagnosis of Sjogren’s. Some people with lupus may experience alopecia,
or hair loss. Lupus can cause hair to be dry or more brittle. Hair may break or fall out, particularly at
the front of the forehead. The hair may grow back, or you may have permanent
bald spots. Endocrine system. The pancreas is a gland behind the stomach
that controls digestion enzymes and hormonesthat regulate how your body processes sugar. If it can’t work properly, you’re at risk
of infection, digestive problems, and diabetes. Lupus can cause inflammation of the pancreas,
called pancreatitis, either from inflamedblood vessels or medications, like steroids
or immunosuppressants used to treat the disease. Circulatory system. Having lupus can affect your heart and blood
vessels. People with systemic lupus erythematosus
have a higher risk of developing heart disease. In fact, heart disease is one of the most
common causes of death in people with lupus. You’ll need to take extra precautions, like
eating an anti-inflammatory diet and stayingphysically active in order to maintain healthy
blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Lupus also causes arteries to become inflamed. Inflammation can cause blood vessels to break
and bleed inside the tissue where they’relocated. When this happens with smaller vessels, like
in the skin, the only symptom may be someskin discoloration. In other tissues, like the brain or heart,
a bleeding vessel can become a major riskand be potentially deadly. Inflammation could also lead to infection. Although less common, anemia can also be caused
by lupus. It happens when the body has less red blood
cells. For people with lupus, this can be due to
inflammation, bleeding, or the immune systemattacking them. Nervous system. Memory problems or trouble thinking, often
called “brain fog” can happen when someonehas had lupus for a few years. Inflammation or lack of oxygen to parts of
the brain cause problems with cognitive function. You may also experience changes in behavior,
hallucinations, or have a hard time expressingyour thoughts. A chronic pain disorder, fibromyalgia, may
co-occur with lupus and other autoimmune disorders. Fibromyalgia causes chronic pain, tenderness,
fatigue, irritable bowels, and trouble sleeping. It can be responsible for the pain felt by
people with lupus. It’s thought to be caused by changes in
the pathways that lead to the brain and spinalcord, or the sensors for pain within the brain. Headaches that feel like migraines, often
called lupus headaches, can be caused by inflamedblood vessels around the brain. Immune system. Your immune system is designed to protect
your body from harm. A healthy immune system attacks foreign substances,
like bacteria, viruses, and infections thatmake you sick. Lupus, like other autoimmune diseases, results
from the immune system malfunctioning andattacking healthy tissues in the body instead. These attacks on the body’s healthy tissue
may cause permanent damage over time. Inflammation that happens in certain areas
is the result of white blood cells attackinga substance. When the white blood cells are attacking a
foreign body, the inflammation goes away oncethe invader is gone. If they’re seeing healthy tissue as a threat,
inflammation will continue as they keep attacking. The inflammation itself can cause pain and
long-term scarring that causes permanent damage. Digestive system. Your digestive system moves food through the
body, taking nutrients in, and getting ridof waste. This process starts at the mouth and goes
through the intestines. Lupus, and some medications used to manage
symptoms, can cause side effects in the digestivesystem. Inflammation in your esophagus caused by lupus
can trigger heartburn. Problems with the digestive system, like nausea,
vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation are oftensymptoms from medications used to treat lupus. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ,
taken to treat pain in people with lupus andother chronic conditions, can also increase
risk of bleeding ulcers in the stomach lining. Your liver helps with digestion and removes
alcohol and other substances from the blood. Inflammation in the liver can stop it from
working properly, causing blood clots in thevessels bringing blood to the liver, and resulting
in an enlarged liver. Skeletal system. Lupus can also cause your immune system to
attack joints, causing pain and arthritis. When joints become inflamed, it causes pain
and long-term damage. Lupus arthritis can occasionally affect large
joints, like knees and hips, but more commonlyaffects smaller joints, like in the hands
and wrists. Some medications used to treat lupus can cause
bone loss or osteoporosis. This leaves you vulnerable to bone fractures
and breaks. Respiratory system. Having lupus puts you at a higher risk of
developing infections and getting pneumonia. Inflammation and fluid buildup in or around
the lungs can create a variety of differentcomplications for people with lupus. It can also cause chest pain when you take
a deep breath. Reproductive system. Lupus doesn’t directly affect your reproductive
organs, but the disease can cause complicationsduring pregnancy. A pregnancy with lupus is considered high
risk and requires more frequent doctor’svisits for monitoring. Risks include:
• Miscarriage. • Premature deliver. • Preeclampsia. It’s also possible for a baby to be born
with neonatal lupus syndrome, a conditionthat affects the heartbeat and causes a rash. However, a woman with lupus most often gives
birth to a healthy baby. She may just need additional care from her
doctor during the pregnancy. Urinary system. Your kidneys are extremely important for maintaining
good health. They help remove waste from the blood, regulate
blood volume and pressure, and filter wasteout through urine. Kidney problems are common in people with
lupus, often brought on by long-term inflammationin the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney disease include:
• Blood in the urine. • Swelling in your abdomen. • Leg or ankle swelling. • Nausea and vomiting. Takeaway. While lupus does have the ability to cause
symptoms throughout the body, it doesn’tmean you’re going to experience all of these. Your individual symptoms and their severity
will depend on the type of lupus you haveand other factors. These include your genetics and how long you’ve
had the disease. If your lupus is well-controlled, you may
have very mild symptoms. If you have some other tips, please do share
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