Hello Friends, today we will talk about, TheEffects of Lupus on the Body. Lupus is a type of autoimmune disease. This means it causes your body’s immunesystem to attack healthy tissues and organsinstead of only attacking foreign substancesthat could harm your body. The disease can cause widespread damage toareas of the body, including the joints, skin,heart, blood vessels, brain, kidneys, bones,and lungs. There are several different kinds of lupus,each with slightly different triggers andsymptoms. Researchers don’t know exactly what causeslupus, but we do know that genetics play arole and that it’s much more common in women. Integumentary system. The majority of people with lupus experiencesome type of skin issue during the courseof their disease. Skin involvement and symptoms can vary dependingon the type of lupus you have and how activeyour lupus is. One of the telltale signs of lupus is developinga rash on the face. Redness covers the nose and cheeks and lookslike it’s in the shape of a butterfly. The rash is commonly called butterfly rashand usually appears on the face, but it canalso show up on your arms, legs, or elsewhereon the body. Lupus also causes your skin to be more sensitiveto the sun or artificial ultraviolet light. Unprotected sun exposure can cause ring-shapedmarks that can become red and scaly. These can form on your scalp and face, orother areas that get sun exposure, like yourneck or arms. Ulcers or sores can form in your mouth onthe cheek or gums. They can also form on your nose, scalp, orvaginal tissue. These sores may not hurt at all or they mightfeel like a canker sore. They’re signs of inflammation from the diseaseand can be uncomfortable. Sjogren’s syndrome is common in people withautoimmune disorders, like lupus. It causes your mouth and eyes to feel verydry. You might experience trouble speaking or swallowing,or have itchy, burning eyes. Dry mouth can also put you at a higher riskof getting cavities, because saliva helpsprotect your teeth from bacteria. The cavities occur at the gumline and canstrongly suggest the diagnosis of Sjogren’s. Some people with lupus may experience alopecia,or hair loss. Lupus can cause hair to be dry or more brittle. Hair may break or fall out, particularly atthe front of the forehead. The hair may grow back, or you may have permanentbald spots. Endocrine system. The pancreas is a gland behind the stomachthat controls digestion enzymes and hormonesthat regulate how your body processes sugar. If it can’t work properly, you’re at riskof infection, digestive problems, and diabetes. Lupus can cause inflammation of the pancreas,called pancreatitis, either from inflamedblood vessels or medications, like steroidsor immunosuppressants used to treat the disease. Circulatory system. Having lupus can affect your heart and bloodvessels. People with systemic lupus erythematosus have a higher risk of developing heart disease. In fact, heart disease is one of the mostcommon causes of death in people with lupus. You’ll need to take extra precautions, likeeating an anti-inflammatory diet and stayingphysically active in order to maintain healthyblood pressure and cholesterol levels. Lupus also causes arteries to become inflamed. Inflammation can cause blood vessels to breakand bleed inside the tissue where they’relocated. When this happens with smaller vessels, likein the skin, the only symptom may be someskin discoloration. In other tissues, like the brain or heart,a bleeding vessel can become a major riskand be potentially deadly. Inflammation could also lead to infection. Although less common, anemia can also be causedby lupus. It happens when the body has less red bloodcells. For people with lupus, this can be due toinflammation, bleeding, or the immune systemattacking them. Nervous system. Memory problems or trouble thinking, oftencalled “brain fog” can happen when someonehas had lupus for a few years. Inflammation or lack of oxygen to parts ofthe brain cause problems with cognitive function. You may also experience changes in behavior,hallucinations, or have a hard time expressingyour thoughts. A chronic pain disorder, fibromyalgia, mayco-occur with lupus and other autoimmune disorders. Fibromyalgia causes chronic pain, tenderness,fatigue, irritable bowels, and trouble sleeping. It can be responsible for the pain felt bypeople with lupus. It’s thought to be caused by changes inthe pathways that lead to the brain and spinalcord, or the sensors for pain within the brain. Headaches that feel like migraines, oftencalled lupus headaches, can be caused by inflamedblood vessels around the brain. Immune system. Your immune system is designed to protectyour body from harm. A healthy immune system attacks foreign substances,like bacteria, viruses, and infections thatmake you sick. Lupus, like other autoimmune diseases, resultsfrom the immune system malfunctioning andattacking healthy tissues in the body instead. These attacks on the body’s healthy tissuemay cause permanent damage over time. Inflammation that happens in certain areasis the result of white blood cells attackinga substance. When the white blood cells are attacking aforeign body, the inflammation goes away oncethe invader is gone. If they’re seeing healthy tissue as a threat,inflammation will continue as they keep attacking. The inflammation itself can cause pain andlong-term scarring that causes permanent damage. Digestive system. Your digestive system moves food through thebody, taking nutrients in, and getting ridof waste. This process starts at the mouth and goesthrough the intestines. Lupus, and some medications used to managesymptoms, can cause side effects in the digestivesystem. Inflammation in your esophagus caused by lupuscan trigger heartburn. Problems with the digestive system, like nausea,vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation are oftensymptoms from medications used to treat lupus. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ,taken to treat pain in people with lupus andother chronic conditions, can also increaserisk of bleeding ulcers in the stomach lining. Your liver helps with digestion and removesalcohol and other substances from the blood. Inflammation in the liver can stop it fromworking properly, causing blood clots in thevessels bringing blood to the liver, and resultingin an enlarged liver. Skeletal system. Lupus can also cause your immune system toattack joints, causing pain and arthritis. When joints become inflamed, it causes painand long-term damage. Lupus arthritis can occasionally affect largejoints, like knees and hips, but more commonlyaffects smaller joints, like in the handsand wrists. Some medications used to treat lupus can causebone loss or osteoporosis. This leaves you vulnerable to bone fracturesand breaks. Respiratory system. Having lupus puts you at a higher risk ofdeveloping infections and getting pneumonia. Inflammation and fluid buildup in or aroundthe lungs can create a variety of differentcomplications for people with lupus. It can also cause chest pain when you takea deep breath. Reproductive system. Lupus doesn’t directly affect your reproductiveorgans, but the disease can cause complicationsduring pregnancy. A pregnancy with lupus is considered highrisk and requires more frequent doctor’svisits for monitoring. Risks include:• Miscarriage. • Premature deliver. • Preeclampsia. It’s also possible for a baby to be bornwith neonatal lupus syndrome, a conditionthat affects the heartbeat and causes a rash. However, a woman with lupus most often givesbirth to a healthy baby. She may just need additional care from herdoctor during the pregnancy. Urinary system. Your kidneys are extremely important for maintaininggood health. They help remove waste from the blood, regulateblood volume and pressure, and filter wasteout through urine. Kidney problems are common in people withlupus, often brought on by long-term inflammationin the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney disease include:• Blood in the urine. • Swelling in your abdomen. • Leg or ankle swelling. • Nausea and vomiting. Takeaway. While lupus does have the ability to causesymptoms throughout the body, it doesn’tmean you’re going to experience all of these. Your individual symptoms and their severitywill depend on the type of lupus you haveand other factors. These include your genetics and how long you’vehad the disease. If your lupus is well-controlled, you mayhave very mild symptoms. If you have some other tips, please do sharewith other readers in our comments section. 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