Hello Friends, today we will talk about Causesof Hair Loss in Children. Symptoms of Childhood Illnesses. Causes of Hair Loss in Children. Hair loss is a scary and frustratingsymptom for parents, especially since youdon’t really expect kids to lose their hair. Unfortunately, hair loss is a common symptom,even in kids. In many cases, the hair loss is temporary,and the child’s hair does grow back. Hair Loss. One of the classic causes of hair loss inchildren that many people think about is hairloss associated with childhood cancer. Although this can definitely cause hair loss,it is usually the cancer treatments, suchas chemotherapy or radiation ,that causes the hair loss and not cancer itself. Telogen effluvium is another classic causeof hair loss in children, but this conditionis often poorly understood by parents. Children with telogen effluvium have oftenhad a recent illness, typically with a highfever, surgery, sudden weight loss, or evenan emotional stress, and then suddenly losea lot of hair about six weeks to three monthslater. Children with telogen effluvium continue tolose hair, often in large clumps for a fewweeks or months, to the point that their hairmay be noticeably thin. But then their hair begins to grow again inabout six months without any treatments. It is thought that this hair loss occurs becausethe original stressor pushes the child’s hairinto a resting or dormant phase, instead ofits more usual long growth phase. It then falls out until new hair grows andthen follows the normal growth phases forhair. Causes of Hair LossOther common causes of hair loss in childrenand teens include:• Ringworm of the scalp is one of the more common causes of hair lossbut is often easy to recognize because ofthe association scalp findings, includinga red circular lesion, hair loss, and a scalyborder that may be itchy. Scalp ringworm signs and symptoms can be subtler,with no scaling or itching, and broken hairsinstead of hair loss . • Bacterial infections can cause some hairloss that appears similar to tinea capitiswith scaling. But instead of being caused by ringworm, itis often caused by the Staph aureaus bacteria. • Traction alopecia is common in kids whowear tight braids or ponytails and in newbornsand infants who lose hair on the back of theirhead from rubbing it against their crib. • Hair pulling or stroking can be a habitfor infants and toddlers, just like thumbsucking, sucking on a pacifier, or rubbinga blanket. It usually stops when kids are around twoor three years old, just like thumb sucking,although some continue pulling until theyare three to five years old. Although you can ignore this habit, sinceit does sometimes cause some hair loss, youcould keep your child’s hair cut short ortry to move her to one of those other habitsif it bothers you. • Trichotillomania is thought to be relatedto obsessive-compulsive disorder and is definedas a child or teen who compulsively pullsout her hair, feels tension before pullingor when trying to resist pulling, and feelspleasure, gratification, or relief when pullingher hair out. These children have noticeable hair loss andoften need treatment from a child psychiatristand/or child psychologist who specializesin trichotillomania. • Alopecia areata is thought to be an autoimmunedisorder that causes complete hairloss in round or oval patches on a child’sscalp or another body part. Unlike ringworm, the scalp involved in theround patches of alopecia areata is completelysmooth, without redness or scale. Treatments include steroid injections andsome topical medications . Fortunately, hair growth often eventuallyoccurs on its own, too. • Alopecia totalis and alopecia universalisare similar to alopecia areata, except thatthe child loses all scalp hair or all scalp hair and all body hair . The chances for treatment success and hairregrowth are less for alopecia totalis andalopecia universalis than they are for alopeciaareata. A pediatric dermatologist can help treat yourchild with any of these disorders. In addition to the treatments already mentionedfor alopecia areata, other treatments mightinclude ultraviolet light therapy ,oral steroids, or oral cyclosporine. A high-quality wig is sometimes the best treatmentfor alopecia areata and alopecia totalis. Other Causes of Hair Loss. In addition to ringworm, hair pulling, tractionalopecia, and the other causes of hair lossmentioned above, other less common causesof hair loss can include:• Thyroid disorders, including either hypothyroidismand hyperthyroidism• Illnesses, such as systemic lupus erythematosus,diabetes mellitus, or iron-deficiency anemia• Malnutrition• Vitamin A toxicityYou would usually expect your child to haveother symptoms besides hair loss if he hadany of these disorders. For example, vitamin A toxicity also causesheadaches, vision changes, irritability, vomiting,and poor weight gain, etc. Hair loss can also be caused by structuralabnormalities of the hair shaft, which usuallyresults in easy breakage and dry, brittlehair. A pediatric dermatologist can usually identifythis kind of abnormality by looking at thehairs under a microscope. Help for Hair Loss in ChildrenA visit to your pediatrician is likely yourbest first step if your child is losing herhair. She will likely be able to diagnose and treatcommon causes of hair loss, such as ringworm,traction alopecia, and telogen effluvium. For other conditions, including trichotillomaniaand alopecia areata, your pediatrician willlikely refer you to a specialist for furthertreatment. If you have some other tips, please do sharewith other readers in our comments section. To stay up to date with my latest videos andamazing health tips, make sure to subscribeto this YouTube channel by clicking the subscribebutton and do not forget to press the bellicon to never miss another update. Thanks for Watching.